Kathmandu, the largest capital of Nepal is bowel-shape with an altitude of approximately 1,400 meters (4,600 feet). This valley is historically termed as “Nepal Mandala” and also the home of Newar community. In past, the Kathmandu city was royal capital of the Kingdom of Nepal so you can see many historical palaces (Durbar) and buildings. Kathmandu is a fast growing spot for different types of the holiday like a historical tour, hiking and many more.
The capital city is situated in the northwest and covers the area of 50.7 km2 (19.6 sq mi.). You can see eight rivers, the main rovers of the valley. Bagmati and its tributaries of which Bishnumati, Dhobi Khola, Manohara Khola, Hanumante Khola and Tukuche Khola are predominant. When the weather is clear you can see the beautiful mountain peaks from Kathmandu peaks like Langtang (7,246 m), Ganesh II (7,150 m), Ganesh V (6,950 m) and Mt. Manaslu (8,156 m). Kathmandu and its valley’s vegetation are in Deciduous Monsoon Forest Zone. The dominant tree species found in Kathmandu valley are maple, oak, beech, elm and others.
Elevation ranging from 1,200 m to 2,300 m is warm temperate zone. From 2100 meters to 3300 meters the zone is followed by a cool temperate zone. The portion of city area with lower altitude has a humid subtropical climate while the higher altitude generally has subtropical highland climate. In Kathmandu valley, the average summer temperature varies from 28 to 30 degrees Celsius and in winter 10.1 degree Celsius.
For a daily update about the weather condition of Kathmandu please visit
Kathmandu valley, the capital city of Nepal is a socio-geographic microcosm of the nation as a whole and reveals caste/ethnic mosaic. This city is historically a Newar settlement but accommodates at least 67 castes/ethnic groups. Kathmandu valley consists Newar people (24 %), Khas Brahmin (25 %), Chhetris (18 %), Tamangs (11 %) and rests 12 % are occupied by other small ethnic groups. The major language are Nepali and Nepal Bhasa.
An interesting fact about this city
Named after the shrine!
The capital city is named after the temple Kastamandap from Basantapur Durbar square. According to the research, this temple may have been built in the 7th century. It is also said that Kastamansap was built from a single timber tree.
Kathmandu valley – the world heritage site
Within the radius of 15 kilometer, you can see 6 cultural heritage site inside this valley. The name of those world heritage site is Pashupatinath, Boudha Stupa, Swayambhunath, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan Durbar Square.
I salute the God in You!
In Kathmandu and indeed the whole country Nepal greets each other by touching their both palm and bow saying “NAMASTE”. The meaning of Namaste means ‘I salute the God in you.’
Never ruled by outsiders.
Nepal never celebrates Independence day because foreigners never ruled here. While most of the neighbouring countries like India and China were once subject to foreign rule. But no one has ever been able to overcome Nepal.
Surrounded by beautiful 4 hills.
According to the history over one million years ago the Kathmandu was a lake. Then the Tibetan saint, Manjushree cut huge lake and drained water to allow civilization. So, this valley is bowl shape surround by beautiful green hills. Valley stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 meters and the valley is surrounded by four major majestic mountains: Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun and Chandragiri.